Bucharest Jakarta




INDONESIA AT THE EQUATOR

Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago. After the New Order Era has ended in 1998, the face of Indonesia has been changed. The whole nation has to face the economic turbulence and crisis everywhere. On the order hand, freedom of the press and freedom of speech are developing. People are more aware and critical about social, economical and political situation. This is a part of a learning curve about democratization.

Conflicts between religions or ethnic groups were heating-up in several regions, such as in Aceh, Maluku, and Poso. Tourists from all over the world postpone their visit to Indonesia, because they had watched the news that covered the looting and the riots of our beautiful country. It is painstakingly to face this reality, because with the incoming tourists, it could increase the economy of these people.

Actually, there are lots of beautiful places, which are safe to visit. If we see the map of Indonesia, this country consists of many islands for more than 17,000 islands spread across 5,120 km of the tropical ocean. Indonesia’s position is between Asia and Australia and this country is as wide as the European continent. Fourth-fifths of the area is occupied by the sea, with the major islands of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. Even Papua and Kalimantan rank as the second and third largest island in the world after Greenland. This country is the world’s 14th largest nation.

Unity in Diversity

250-300 ethnic groups live in this country. Most of them have their own language and dialects, but Bahasa Indonesia is the national language and is spoken throughout the archipelago. The major ethnic groups are: Minangkabaunese, Malay, Javanese, Sundanese, Maduranese, Balinese, Buginese, Makassarese, Minahasan and Ambonnese. Besides these ethnic groups, other races such as Arabs, Chinese, and Indians living side by side with the local people.

Major ethnic groups in Sumatra are Acehnese, Minangkabaunese, Batak and Malay. More than 200 Dayak tribes live in the island of Kalimantan. They are the true ‘people of the jungle’. Buginese , Makassarese, and Toraja live in Sulawesi.

Islam is the largest religion in the nation, following with Christian, Catholic, Hindu, Buddha and Confucianism. Since 2001, the government has opened the door for Chinese cultural influences since being banned in 1965.

The Nature

Java and Bali have the most fertile islands and rice plantations are concentrated in these two regions, whereas Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua are the place of the tropical rainforest, and open savannah grassland is in the Nusa Tenggara.

Indonesia’s tropical climate tends to be very humid. Rainy season will be around on October to April and dry season will be on April to October. Volcanoes dominate the landscape in many islands and about 70 still remains active.

Various animal species comes from three different sources. Asian mammals are from the west, Australian marsupial species and birds are from the east and the endemic species are in the middle of the archipelago. Orangutans, tigers, one horned rhinos, elephants, dugongs, anoas, komodo dragons are the proud of Indonesia. Besides on land, deep down the sea, there are more than hundred marine species as a part of the archipelago’s treasure. Local people together with the government and international organization have contributed to preserve the diversity of the flora and fauna, by developing national parks throughout the nation.

 

RULES & REGULATIONS

IMMIGRATION

All visitors to Indonesia must be in possession of passports valid for at least six months with proof of onward passage, either return or through tickets.

Visas are required except for the nationals of Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Brunei, Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Hong Kong SAR, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Maldive, Malta, Mexico, Morocco, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zeeland, Norway, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom (Great Britain), United Arab Emirates, Unites States of America, Venezuela, Yugoslavia and Taiwanese holding MFA/M passports.

The visa requirement is also waived from other nationals from friendly countries, attending a conference which has received official approval.

Visa free entry is for maximum od 60 days and is not extendable. Entry and departure must be through the airports of Polonia (Medan), Simpang Tiga (Pekanbaru), Hang Nadim (Batam), Tabing (Padang), Soekarno-Hatta (Jakarta), Husein Sastranegara (Bandung), Juanda (Surabaya), Adisumarmo (Solo), Ngurah Rai (Denpasar), Eltari (Kupang), Supadio (Pontianak), Sepinggan (Balikpapan), Sam Ratulangi (Manado), Pattimura (Ambon), Hasanuddin (Ujung Pandang), Selaparang (Mataram) and Frans Kaisiepo (Biak), and the seaports of Belawan (Medan), Batu Ampar and Sekupang (Batam), Tanjung Priok (Jakarta), Tanjung Mas (Semarang), Tanjung Perak (Surabaya), Benoa and Padangbai (Bali), Bitung (North Sulawesi), Ambon (Maluku) and Tanjung Pinang (Bintan). There is only one land gateway, Entikong in West Kalimantan.

For other port of arrival or departure, visitors must have visas.

For other, tourist visas for thirty days can be obtained from any Indonesian embassy or consulate. Two photographs are required and a small fee is charged.

HEALTH

International certificates of valid small-pox, cholera and yellow vaccinations are required only from travelers coming from infected areas.

CUSTOMS

Customs allow on entry a maximum of one litre of alcoholic beverages, 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 grams of tobacco and a reasonable amount of perfume per adult.

Cameras, video cameras, portable radios, cassette recorders, binoculars and sport equipment are admitted provided they are taken out on departure. They must be declared to Customs. Prohibited are firearms, narcotic drugs, pornography, transceivers and cordless telephones. For the Chinese traditional medicines must be registered by Depkes RI. Films, pre-recorded video tapes and laser disks must be screened by the Censor Board.

There is no restriction on import or export of foreigh currencies and travelers cheques, however, the import and export of Indonesia currency exceeding Rp. 5 million is prohibited.

AIRPORT TAX

An airport tax of Rp. 150,000 is levied by the airport authority for travellers on international routes and Rp. 20,000 for those on domestic routes.

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